Menstrual cramps (dysmenorrhea) are throbbing or cramping pains in the lower abdomen. Many women experience menstrual cramps just before and during their menstrual periods.
For some women, the discomfort is merely annoying. For others, menstrual cramps can be severe enough to interfere with everyday activities for a few days every month.

CLASSIFICATION

Menstrual cramps are classified as primary or secondary dysmenorrhea.

• Primary dysmenorrhea involves no physical abnormality and usually begins six months to a year after you begin menstruating and may continue through your 20s or until you have a baby.

•Secondary dysmenorrhea involves an underlying physical cause and may start or return later in life, but can begin anytime after you begin menstruating.

CAUSES OF MENSTRUAL CRAMPS
During your menstrual period, your uterus contracts to help expel its lining. Hormone-like substances (prostaglandins) involved in pain and inflammation trigger the uterine muscle contractions. Higher levels of prostaglandins are associated with more-severe menstrual cramps.
Severe contractions may constrict the blood vessels feeding the uterus. The resulting pain can be compared to the chest pain that occurs when blocked blood vessels starve portions of the heart of food and oxygen.

Menstrual cramps may also be caused by:

• Endometriosis. In this painful condition, the tissue that lines your uterus becomes implanted outside your uterus, most commonly on your fallopian tubes, ovaries or the tissue lining your pelvis.Uterine fibroids. These noncancerous growths in the wall of the uterus may be the cause of pain.

• Adenomyosis. In this condition, the tissue that lines your uterus begins to grow into the muscular walls of the uterus.

• Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). This infection of the female reproductive organs is usually caused by sexually transmitted bacteria

• Cervical stenosis. In some women, the opening of the cervix may be so small that it impedes menstrual flow, causing a painful increase of pressure within the uterus.

SYMPTOMS
These include:

• Throbbing or cramping pain in your lower abdomen that may be intense, dull and a constant ache
• Pain that radiates to your lower back and thighs

Some women also experience:
• Nausea
• Loose stools
• Headache
• Dizziness

COMPLICATIONS
Menstrual cramps don’t cause any other medical complications, but they can interfere with school, work and social activities.

Certain conditions associated with menstrual cramps may have complications, though. For example, endometriosis can cause fertility problems. Pelvic inflammatory disease can scar your fallopian tubes, increasing the risk of a fertilized egg implanting outside of your uterus (ectopic pregnancy).

CONCLUSION
Menstrual Cramps are a common result of high levels of prostaglandins, a type of inflammatory chemical produced in the uterus. IMMUNOCAL helps improve and in most cases stop systemic Inflammation. It also helps to address the long term effect of menstrual cramps such as endometriosis and pelvic inflammatory disease which leads to infertility by balancing the hormones and repairing the immune system